The executive branch of government is the organ that exerts authority and is accountable for how a state is governed. [6] He served as the chairman of the Advisory Committee for the Coronation of his brother King Birendra in 1975. KATMANDU Nepal, Jan 31 —King Mahendra bf Nepal died today after suffering a heart attack yesterday the Government announced. The King, who is a hereditary ruler and the head of state, and the Prime Minister make up the executive branch of the government. 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Two years later, a newly elected parliament voted to abolish the monarchy and declared Nepal a republic with a president as head of state. While the Nepali Congress had a long history of democratic struggle, the Nepal Communist Party was formed only in 2018 after the merger of CPN-UML and Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist-Centre). Having been a businessman, the former king is said to have inherited huge fortunes from his family members and still runs many lucrative businesses through investments and is widely believed to be worth hundreds of millions of dollars. In April 2006, the seven-party alliance and the then banned CPN Maoist party in an underground manner[clarification needed] staged protests and strikes in Kathmandu against Gyanendra's direct rule. [5] The actions of the Rana regime to depose his grandfather and place Gyanendra on the throne were internationally recognized. [40], Developments after the demise of Constituent Assembly, Princess Prerana Rajya Lakshmi Devi Singh, Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, "Nepal: King Tribhuvan and fall of the Ranas", Nepal massacre inquiry begins, at long last, "State of Emergency Imperils Information Flow", King urged to let boy, 5, be Nepal’s saviour, "Nepal becomes a federal democratic republic", "Ex-King Gyanendra says he accepts CA decision; prepares to leave Narayanhiti", "Govt decides to give Nagarjuna palace to ex-King", "BBC NEWS, Former Nepal king to leave palace", "thaindian.com, Former King Gyanendra prepares to leave Narayanhiti Palace", "Nepal king, facing ouster, urges people to vote", "Nepali king slams decision to abolish the monarchy", "Former King Gyanendra of Nepal wants to be reinstated", "Economic crisis and corruption favour the return of former Hindu king", "Former King Gyanendra's birthday observed", "Does Nepali Congress intend to let ex-king Gyanendra Shah and Hinduists regroup, gain ground? [5] Kajis had held the administrative and executive powers of nation after the fall of Chief Chautariya Prince Bahadur Shah in 1794. [18][19], On 27 May 2008, the meeting decided to give Gyanendra fifteen days to vacate the palace and decided that the first meeting would be held the next day at 11 am; however, it was delayed due to the indecision among the leading parties on power-sharing and the nomination of 26 members of the Constituent Assembly. After 23 protesters were killed, on 21 April 2006, Gyanendra announced that he would yield executive authority to a new prime minister chosen by the political parties to oversee the return of democracy. Other terms might include grand duchy (as in the case of Luxembourg), principality (as in the case of Monaco), or city state (as in the case of the Vatican). Nevertheless, Gyanendra left for Pokhara. The cu… [24] These basic Hindu templates provide the evidence that Nepal was administered as a Hindu state. The President of Nepal serves as the nation’s head of state. The agreement between the parties and Gyanendra under Indian supervision was not honored by the parties. King could work as the head of state in Nepal before 2065 BS. Following the dissolution of the Nepali Congress government by King Mahendra in 1960, Nepal reverted to a “Panchayat system” under absolute monarchy and remained so until 1990. Out of Kathmandu, the latest breaking news,analysis and opinion from Nepal and the world on politics, business, sports, entertainment, and much mores [8] After interviewing more than 100 people—including eyewitnesses, palace officials, guards, and staff—they concluded that Crown Prince Dipendra had indeed carried out the massacre, but they drew no further conclusions. The king’s reign can be cut short by a two-thirds majority vote from the legislature and after that a referendum where a simple majority in all of the nation’s twenty districts is required. During the years 2002 to 2005 he chose and subsequently dismissed three prime ministers for failure to hold elections and bring the rebels to a round table negotiation; he finally dismissed Deuba for the second time and took over as absolute ruler on 1 February 2005, promising that the country would return to normality within 36 months. However, Dr. KC did note that the former monarch showed great concerns for the condition of the Nepalese in times of economic turmoil and political suppression. Throughout those two decades the government remained largely in the hands of the NC with brief periods of CPN (UML) control. [34], Reports of citizens wanting to reinstate the ousted monarchy are commonplace in the Nepali media due to the widespread corruption in political establishments, unstable governments and the frivolous lifestyles of the unpopular president Bhandari and prime minister Oli's frequent visits regarding health condition to Singapore on taxpayers' money. As such, on 24 April 2006, King Gyanendra reinstated the previous parliament in a televised address to the nation. [17][18] The assassination of Rana Bahadur Shah triggered a great massacre in Bhandarkhal (a royal garden east of Kathmandu Durbar) and at the bank of Bishnumati river[19][20] after which Kaji Bhimsen killed 55 senior officials to benefit from the chaos. Prime Minister Koirala, who had previously supported the continuation of the monarchy, said in March 2007 that he thought Gyanendra should step down. [35], Despite having all of the properties he inherited from his late brother King Birendra nationalized, the former king still retained all of his personal wealth prior to his enthronement. Bharadars formed consultative body in the kingdom for the most important functions of the state as Councellors, Ministers and Diplomats. [citation needed], In an interview, King Gyanendra's advisor, Bharat Keshar Singh, claimed that the bill passed by the parliament was a bluff. He is the worldly political leader and also the Commander of the Faithful or Amir al-Mou'minin since he is viewed as an immediate descendant of Prophet Mohammed, giving him t… This page lists the national rulers in the world. Police blocked the main road to the prime minister's office, using batons to beat the protesters, who responded by throwing rocks and sticks. [2] Another reason was the minority of the reigning King between 1777 and 1847 that led to establishment of anarchial rule. Several party leaders rejected the offer and again demanded that the King call a council to determine the monarchy's future role in politics. Let us hope. He was brought back to the capital Kathmandu by the Prime Minister Mohan Shamsher, who had him declared King on 7 November 1950. ... response rebutting its finding that the German government could act against the king if it wished. This was done by the Constituent Assembly, without a referendum. When King Gyanendra took complete control for the second time, on 1 February 2005, he dismissed Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba's government for failing to make arrangements for parliamentary elections and being unable to restore peace in the country, which was then in the midst of a civil war led by Maoist insurgents. Nepal Bhutan ... She told Nikkei that the German government should stop accommodating the Thai head of state. [2][note 1] These Bharadars were drawn from high caste and politically influential families. King Gyanendra also said that law and order in the country was deteriorating, and questioned the interim government's ability to govern the country even after he had accepted the road map of the seven-party alliance. Riot police in Nepal clashed for hours with thousands of protesters demanding a return of the monarchy that was abolished more than a decade ago and the reinstatement of a Hindu state. [23], Gyanendra left the Narayanhiti Palace in Kathmandu on 11 June 2008, moving into the Nagarjuna Palace. [3] As per historians and contemporary writer Francis Hamilton, the government of Nepal[note 2] comprised, As for Regmi states, the government of Nepal comprised, In 1794, King Rana Bahadur Shah came of age and his first act was to re-constitute the government such that his uncle, Prince Bahadur Shah of Nepal, had no official part to play. Critics and citizen alike condemned the remarks of the politicians' criticizing the former king's private affair. He leads the Commission for the Monastic Affairs or the Dratshang Lhentshog. After several delays in elections, King Gyanendra suspended the constitution and assumed direct authority in February 2005, asserting that it would be a temporary measure to suppress the Maoist insurgency as the ushering in of democracy in Nepal had led to a fractious, corrupt and incompetent series of government who were successively incapable to deal with the Maoist insurgency. United Nations, UNDP Nepal, SAARC, ESCAP, FAO, ICAO, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IMF, IMO, Interpol, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WTO. He also dismissed the need for a referendum on bringing the institution of monarchy back into power. Nepal Bhutan ... of an unprecedented situation involving a foreign head of state. All powers of the 239-year-old monarchy were stripped, making Gyanendra a civilian king. This branch also enacts and implements the law. An agreement was reached between the parties under the supervision of the Indian ruling Congress that the monarchy would have a place in the new constitution. During his early years on the throne, King Gyanendra sought to exercise full control over the government, citing the failure of all the political parties to hold an election after the parliament was dissolved. A monarchy is typically called a kingdom. This was for a bill to amend the constitution to make Nepal a republic. [3] The government was stated to have controlled by regents, Mukhtiyars and alliance of political faction with strong fundamental support. Nepal's Supreme Court on Friday issued a show-cause notice to the Oli-led government, asking it to submit a written clarification over its decision to abruptly dissolve Parliament. Nepalese people started the Mass Movement against the monarchy from 24 th Chaitra 2062 to 11 th Baisakh 2063 BS which ended the rule of the king from Nepal. [32], In July 2019, the former king summoned acclaimed political analyst Dr. Surendra KC where the two discussed the current political environment of the nation. His predecessor King Birendra had established a constitutional monarchy in which he delegated policy to a representative government. There is something eerily Macbeth-like about King Gyanendra's fling with the throne. In May 1991, Nepal held its first parliamentary elections. [22], Mukhtiyars ruled over the executive and administrative functions of the state until its replacement by British conventional Prime Minister in 1843 conferred upon then ruling Mukhtiyar Mathabar Singh Thapa.[23]. [13][14] Later in April 1806, tensions arose between Chief Chautariya Sher Bahadur Shah and Mukhtiyar Rana Bahadur Shah on the night of 25 April 1806 during a meeting at Tribhuvan Khawas's house[15][16] where around 10 pm, Sher Bahadur in desperation drew a sword and killed Rana Bahadur Shah before being cut down by nearby courtiers, Bam Shah and Bal Narsingh Kunwar, also allies of Bhimsen. 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