"Parliament approves increase in President's salary, expenditure", Text of the Constitution at Singapore Statutes Online, Constitution of the Republic of Singapore Tribunal, Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Act, Liquor Control (Supply and Consumption) Act 2015, British Military Administration (1945–1946), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=President_of_Singapore&oldid=1000225613, Lists of political office-holders in Singapore, Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Chairman of the Council of Presidential Advisors. The sixth president was S. R. Nathan. Here's a look back at the history of the presidential system and the men who had held the highest office in the land. In … 2 After the legislation on elected presidency came into effect on 30 November 1991, Singapore held its first presidential election on 28 August 1993 and Ong Teng Cheong became the country’s first elected president. The president's name must appear in a current register of electors. Nathan who served from 1999 to 2011 and the only living former president was Tony Tan who served from 2011 to 2017. 19(4), read with Art. Singapore hasn’t had a Malay president since the country’s first President Yusof Ishak, who served as head of state from 1965 to 1970. [28], The Constitution confers on the president certain executive functions to block attempts by the government of the day to draw down past reserves that it did not accumulate. Constitution, Arts. … Nathan was returned unopposed on Nomination Day in 1999 and 2005. The Singapore Parliament is unicameral and together with the President of Singapore is known as the Legislature. [63], The procedure for elections is laid out in the Presidential Elections Act. It replaced the office of Yang di-Pertuan Negara, which had been created when Singapore attained self-government in 1959. [6], As a component of the legislature together with Parliament, the president is also jointly vested with legislative authority. Some Singaporeans online have pointed out that Wikipedia has featured current President Halimah Yacob in a list of prominent Indians in Singapore. [26] Ambassadors and high commissioners accredited to Singapore present their credentials to the president, and the president is called upon by visiting foreign leaders. The Presidential Standard is flown at the Istana in the day, when the President is in the country. Nathan and Halimah Yacob are the only candidates that won in an election in a walkover in 1999, 2005 and 2017 respectively. List of Singaporean prime ministers, leaders and heads of state. Articles from the Constitution were drawn from provisions in three statutes; the Republic of Singapore Independence Act (1965), the Constitution of the State of Singapore (1963), and the Federal Constitution of Malaysia. singapore's 11 president scholars received their awards from president dr benjamin henry sheares in a floodlit ceremony at the istana. Singapore’s Presidents Madam Halimah Yacob, 63, is set to become Singapore's first female President. 20(1) to (3) and the 1st Sch. The office of President was created in 1965 after Singapore became a republic upon its secession from the Federation of Malaysia that year. According to Article 19 of the Singapore Constitution, to qualify for election as President, a person must: Be a Singapore citizen; Be at least 45 years old; Have his or her name appear in a current register of electors; Be resident in Singapore for at least 10 … S.R. The last Yang di-Pertuan Negara, Yusof Ishak, became the first president. 21(2)(e), 21(2)(f), 22B and 22D. Candidates or their polling agents may also affix their own seals to the ballot boxes. The sum was used to fund the Government's Resilience Package consisting of two schemes aimed at preserving jobs and businesses during the financial downturn.[41]. Both current and historical prime ministers of Singapore are listed with biographies. Nathan established the President's Challenge with the Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports and its statutory board, the National Council of Social Service. [75] Permits must be obtained to hold election meetings[76] and display posters and banners,[77] and a number of acts are unlawful, including bribery,[78] dissuading electors from voting,[79] making false statements about candidates,[80] treating[81] and undue influence. Halimah Yacob is the incumbent Singaporean president since 2017 after being elected unopposed at the presidential election in the same year. The President is the head of state of Singapore. Constitution, Art. [55][56], In November 2016, further amendments provide for "reserved elections" for a particular racial group (Chinese, Malay and Indian/other minority) — if that community has not been represented for five presidential terms. List of World Presidents and Prime Ministers 2020 [Full Updated] ExamGuru 11:00 AM President and Prime Minister of all Countries 2020 PDF: Government exam paper of Current Affairs General Knowledge on the Prime Minister and the President of a country, 1-2 questions are definitely asked. [23] The president usually opens each Parliamentary session with an address drafted by the Cabinet setting out the Government's agenda for the session,[24] and may address Parliament and send messages to it. A person who wishes to run for the office of president has to fulfil stringent qualifications set out in the Constitution, which are as follows: The strictness of these qualifications led to the 1999, 2005, and 2017 elections being walkovers as only one candidate had qualified on nomination day. 19(3)(c) and Art 19(4)(b). Constitution, Arts. It replaced the office of Yang di-Pertuan Negara, which had been created when Singapore attained self-government in 1959. The returning officer then states the number of votes cast for each candidate and the date and location where the overseas votes will be counted.[90]. Presidential Elections (Posters and Banners) Regulations (, PEA, ss. 45(2). They were Yusof, Benjamin Henry Sheares, C. V. Devan Nair and Wee Kim Wee. [99][100] The allowance for the Istana's household expenses (Class III) is $2,762,308, an increase from $694,000. The president of Singapore appoints as Prime Minister a member of Parliament (MP) who, in his or her opinion, is most likely to command the confidence of a majority of MPs. [30] The president also possesses personal discretion to withhold assent to any bill in Parliament providing directly or indirectly for the direct or indirect variation, changing or increase in powers of the Central Provident Fund Board to invest moneys belonging to it;[31] and the borrowing of money, the giving of any guarantee or the raising of any loan by the Government if in the president's opinion the bill is likely to draw on reserves not accumulated by the Government during its current term of office. He was re-elected on 17 August 2005; both his election came on walkovers without any opposing contestants. However, the Singapore Government has, on the advice of the Attorney-General's Chambers,[7] deemed Ong's predecessor Wee Kim Wee the first elected president, on the basis that he had held and exercised the powers of the elected president. Constitution, Art. 1955-1956 Dr C Subramaniam. Under the revision, the president is empowered to veto the use of the country's past reserves and key civil service appointments. 44(2)(d). Jump to: navigation, search. The Constitution of Singapore is the country’s supreme law and has been in effect since its enactment on December 22nd, 1965. The National Assembly ha… Sweet Singapore © 2021. The office of President also becomes vacant if it is determined that the election of the President was void and no other person was duly elected as President, or if on the expiration of the incumbent's term the person declared elected as President fails to take office: Arts. After he stepped down, Tony Tan won the 27 August 2011 presidential election by a narrow 0.34% margin. Just relax with by watching them and listen to the relaxing music. [33], The president is also empowered to approve changes to key civil service positions, such as the chief justice, the attorney-general, the chairman and members of the Public Service Commission, the chief of Defence Force and the commissioner of police. 22L(1)(a) to (c). 1958-1959 Hon Yung Sen. 1959-1960 Dr Chee Phui Hung. The average salary for a Vice President is $170,000 in Singapore, Singapore. [26], The powers of the president of Singapore are divided into those which the president may exercise in their own discretion, and those their must exercise in accordance with the advice of the Cabinet of Singapore or of a minister acting under the general authority of the Cabinet. This allowance is used to cover the maintenance of the Istana, vehicles, utilities and other supplies, as well as for ceremonies and celebrations. [40] In 2009, the Government requested approval from President S.R. Ong Teng Cheong (b. This was a result of transitional provisions in the Constitution of Singapore in 2017,[8] which were affirmed by the High Court following a legal challenge by presidential hopeful Tan Cheng Bock. As of 2011, the endeavour had raised more than S$100 million for charities supporting disabled and needy people. [66] In particular, the PEC must be satisfied that the potential candidates are persons of integrity, good character and reputation;[49] and if they have not previously held certain key government offices or acted as chairman of the board of directors or CEO of a company incorporated or registered under the Companies Act with shareholders' equity of at least $500 million, that they held a position of comparable seniority and responsibility in the public or private sector that has given them experience and ability in administering and managing financial affairs. [13] She is also the first female President of Singapore. The president must not be a member of any, The president must have for a period of not less than three years held office —, as the most senior executive of a company with an average of $500 million in, in any other similar or comparable position of seniority and responsibility in any other organisation or department of equivalent size or complexity in the. [64] The process begins when the prime minister issues a writ of election to the returning officer specifying the date and place of nomination day. [9][10][11] He appealed against this decision, but the Court of Appeal also dismissed it.[12]. Published November 19, 2020, Your email address will not be published. Assuming a writ for a presidential election has not yet been issued before the vacation of office or, if it has been issued, has been, Constitution, Art. [65] Potential candidates must obtain certificates of eligibility from the Presidential Elections Committee (PEC), the function of which is to ensure that such persons have the necessary qualifications to be nominated as a candidate for the election. Presidential clemency, or presidential pardon, is an authority held by the President under the Singapore Constitution.It allows him, on Cabinet’s advice, to extend leniency towards those convicted of crimes upon receiving a petition for clemency.. Clemency is most commonly sought in respect of death sentences. In 2000, S.R. He was replaced by Benjamin Sheares after his death, who served as President until his dea… The President as a Head of State appoints the Prime Minister, a Member of Parliament who commands a confidence of the majority of the MPs. SINGAPORE: President Halimah Yacob dissolved Parliament on Tuesday (Jun 23) on the advice of Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, the Prime Minister's Office (PMO) said. At No. [53] The changes went into effect in April 2017. 1954-1955 K M Byrne. [60] The office falls vacant upon the expiry of the incumbent's term or if the president is for some reason unable to complete their term; for example, due to death, resignation, or removal from office for misconduct or mental or physical infirmity. He was sworn in as the seventh president of Singapore on 1 September 2011. The President’s Scholarship is widely regarded as Singapore’s most prestigious undergraduate scholarship. [20] The president's primary role in the exercise of legislative power to make laws is assenting to bills passed by Parliament. [2] Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong later explained that while he expected the "reserved election" policy to be unpopular among the population, he believed it was "the right thing to do". All Rights Reserved. The Istana, one of Singapore's oldest heritage sites, turned 150 in 2019. Yusof Bin Ishak If both are unavailable the presidential functions are performed by an individual appointed by the Parliament, The Parliament of Singapore is required to provide a civil list for the maintenance of the president,[96] and it does so by way of the Civil List and Gratuity Act. [59], The president holds office for a term of six years from the date on which they assume office. [68] For the 2017 presidential election, the members of the PEC are Eddie Teo (chairman), Lim Soo Hoon, Chan Heng Chee, Po'ad Shaik Abu Bakar Mattar, Tay Yong Kwang, and Peter Seah. Constitution, Art. 3 He was succeeded by S. R. Nathan, who was elected unopposed in 1999 and 2005, and held office for two six … [97] With effect from 17 February 2012, the sum under Class I of the list, which includes the president's personal pay ($1,568,900, known by the British term the "privy purse"), an entertainment allowance ($73,000) and an allowance for an acting president ($4,500), is $1,646,400. In January 1991, the Constitution[4] was amended to provide for the popular election of the president, a major constitutional and political change in Singapore's history. The Presidential Crest is used on state crockery, gifts and stationery related to the President. How much does a Vice President make in Singapore, Singapore? The privy purse was reduced from $4,267,500 after the president accepted the Ministerial Salaries Review Committee's recommendations on the matter. 19(2)(d) read with Art. 22L(1)(d) and (e). In clause (f), "foreign country" does not include any part of the. The Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore is the head of the government of the Republic of Singapore.The President of Singapore chooses as Prime Minister a Member of Parliament (MP) who, he thinks, will have the highest chance of being supported by a majority of MPs.. [21] As the president exercises this constitutional function in accordance with Cabinet's advice and not in their personal discretion except in certain circumstances,[22] in general he or she may not refuse to assent to bills that Parliament has validly passed. A person shall not be disqualified under this clause by reason only of anything done by him before he became a citizen of Singapore: Constitution, Art. In this assortment, I added some appealing videos about singapore president. On the advice of the Prime Minister, the President appoints other ministers from among the Members of Parliament to form the Cabinet. [102], Head of state of the Republic of Singapore, சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசுத் தலைவர் Ciṅkappūr kuṭiyaracut talaivar, List of presidents of the Republic of Singapore. As a result of constitutional amendments passed in 1991, the presidency became a popularly elected office with certain custodial powers, particularly over government expenditure and key appointments to public offices. All other laws in the land are subordinate to the constitution. SINGAPORE: Four young Singaporeans were awarded the President’s Scholarship in a ceremony at the Istana on Thursday (Aug 15). Wee Kim Wee was the first president to exercise custodial powers pursuant to the constitutional amendments of 1991. The constitution was amended in November 1991, making the provision for a president to be elected by Singaporean citizens. Constitution, Art. Owing to personal problems, Nair stepped down in 1985 and was replaced by Wee Kim Wee, who served as president until 1993. Following the Westminster system, the position is largely ceremonial, but enjoys several reserve powers including withholding presidential assent on supply bills and changing or revoking civil service appointments.The current system of holding elections for the Presidency began with the 1993 election. A person who wishes to run for the office of president has to fulfil stringent qualifications set out in the Constitution, which are as follows: The president must not be less than 45 years of age. [14], The president is the head of state of Singapore. Ed. Thus, a guarantee may only be given or a loan raised by the Government if the president concurs,[29] and his or her approval is also needed for budgets of specified statutory boards and Government companies that draw on their past reserves. Singapore's longest-serving president was S.R. [85] Voters must go to the polling stations assigned to them. Constitution, Art. [61] If the office of president becomes vacant before the incumbent's term expires, a poll for an election must be held within six months. Presidents have also used the office to champion charitable causes. 22(3) and (4). [69], In addition, candidates must obtain political donation certificates from the registrar of political donations stating that they have complied with the Political Donations Act,[70] and file their nomination papers with the returning officer on nomination day. The president is nominally vested with executive authority, but in practice that authority is exercised by the Cabinet led by the prime minister of Singapore. Former deputy prime minister, Tony Kan Keng Yam, Former member of parliament, Tan Cheng Bock. Elected presidents were to serve for a six-year term, while the presidency has no term limits. [89] After all counts, and recounts if any, have been completed, the returning officer ascertains whether the total number of electors registered to vote overseas is less than the difference between the number of votes for the two candidates with the highest number of votes. 3 July 1924, Singapore–22 August 2016, … The election was won by Tony Tan Keng Yam with 745,693 (35.19%) of valid votes. Constitution, Arts. SINGAPORE — At a Chinese New Year event his school hosted for senior citizens when he was 13, Alden Tan Ming Yang said, [17] In most cases, the president is bound to exercise their powers in accordance with the advice of the Cabinet or a minister acting under the Cabinet's general authority. among them are two women who will be launching out after their tertiary education into male preserves. The Istana 150th Anniversary. [87] The ballot boxes are then taken to counting centres to be opened and the ballots counted. In addition, the president contributes to the nation's external relations by undertaking overseas trips on Cabinet's advice. ABOUT > About Us > Past Presidents. Speaking in Parliament on 10 March 2011, Minister for Finance Tharman Shanmugaratnam explained that this sum was to cater for the salaries of an additional staff officer to support the work of the Council of Presidential Advisers, and a butler manager; and to meet higher variable staff salary payments due to the nation's strong economic growth. [83], Polling day is a public holiday,[84] and voting is compulsory. [101] Overall, the current civil list of $9,491,100 represents a decrease of about 18% from the sum for the past fiscal year of $11,605,000. Constitution, Arts. [2][3]. Dr. Colin K. … 19(7). [32] In addition, the president may withhold assent to any Supply Bill, Supplementary Supply Bill or Final Supply Bill for any financial year if in his or her opinion the estimates of revenue and expenditure, supplementary estimates or statement of excess are likely to lead to a drawing on past reserves. The President's Design Award, which honours Singapore designs and designers, has named its three Designers of the Year for 2015. [88] A candidate or his or her counting agent may ask the returning officer for a recount of votes if the difference between the number of votes for the candidate with the most votes and any other candidate's number of votes is 2% or less. [35] The president has certain powers of oversight over the Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau[36] and decisions of the Executive under the Internal Security Act[37] and the Maintenance of Religious Harmony Act. The Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau's powers of investigation derive from the Prevention of Corruption Act (. Salaries estimates are based on 591 salaries submitted anonymously to Glassdoor by Vice President employees in Singapore, Singapore. 32B(1) and (4). 19(2)(c) read with Art. The person elected to the office of president assumes office on the day his predecessor ceases to hold office or, if the office is vacant, on the day following his election. Halimah Yacob is the first female president of Singapore who is currently serving since 2017. After his death he was replaced by Benjamin Sheares, who served until his death in 1981, when he was succeeded by Chengara Veetil Devan Nair. 44(2)(c). Rejected and tendered votes are excluded. In view of the ongoing global economic slowdown and effects of the COVID-19 outbreak, the government has announced that the Singapore President and all cabinet ministers, including the Prime Minister, will be taking a one-month pay cut.. Perhaps it is timely to examine how much of a financial impact this will have, or whether the pay cut is an insignificant drop in the bucket from a … I, [name], having been elected President of the Republic of Singapore, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully discharge my duties as such to the best of my ability without fear or favour, affection or ill-will, and without regard to any previous affiliation with any political party, and that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Republic, and that I will preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Republic of Singapore. The scholarship is awarded to students who have distinguished themselves beyond excellence in academic pursuits and co-curricular activities. Singapore has a parliamentary system of government. The President of the Republic of Singapore is the country's head of state. 1956-1957 Lim Kim San. 8 February 2002, Singapore) was the fifth president of Singapore and ... S. R. Nathan Sellapan Ramanathan (b. [72] If there is only one candidate nominated, he or she is declared to have been elected president. [98], Class IV expenses for "special services" are $550,000. The last Yang di-Pertuan Negara, Yusof bin Ishak, became the first President. After the Constitution was amended in 1991, the term of President Wee was fixed to end on 1 September 1993. He was not elected by the people in a vote, but became president by virtue of being the sole candidate deemed qualified by the Presidential Elections Committee. The words of enactment in Singapore statutes are: "Be it enacted by the president with the advice and consent of the Parliament of Singapore, as follows:". 21(2)(h), 22I; MRHA, s. 12. 19(2)(c) read with Art. not hold any other office created or recognised by the Constitution; not actively engage in any commercial enterprise; not be a member of any political party; and, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 05:28. If not, the overseas votes may be decisive. In previous years, this sum was used to cover various expenses such as the cost of replacing state cars and installing a new document repository. President's Portrait & Insignia. 22G. If the chairman of the Council of Presidential Advisers is not available, the speaker of the Parliament performs the duties of the president. The national constitution sets strict eligibility conditions for the presidency. If so, the returning officer declares the candidate with the highest number of votes to be elected as President. 17(3); Presidential Elections Act (. [25], The president has been called "Singapore's No. 11 of 2010) ("PEAA"). [57][58] Other amendments were made to expand the list of key government companies eligible for the candidacy,[52] and, for candidates using their private sector experience, the use of $500 million of shareholder equity instead of $100 million in paid-up capital. Cap. 1960-1961 Dr P Oorjitham. The body of Robert Mugabe has arrived back in Zimbabwe after a private flight from Singapore, where he died last week aged 95. Upon his assumption of office, the president is required to take and subscribe in the presence of the chief justice or of another justice of the Supreme Court the Oath of Office, which states:[94]. [18] The President only exercises limited powers in their personal discretion[19] to block attempts by the government of the day to draw down past reserves it did not accumulate, to approve changes to key appointments, and to exercise oversight over the Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau and decisions of the Executive under the Internal Security Act[5] and the Maintenance of Religious Harmony Act. List of presidents of Singapore. In the case when the president is unable to perform their duties, their powers are temporarily transferred to the chairman of the Council of Presidential Advisers (CPA). 45. Singapore has named its first female president, Halimah Yacob. 21(5). A series of events and activities were held over the past year to commemorate this landmark anniversary. [15] The executive authority of the nation is vested in the president and exercisable by them or by the Cabinet or any minister authorised by the Cabinet. The first popularly elected president was Ong Teng Cheong, a former cabinet minister. A. [54] The PEC consists of the chairman of the Public Service Commission, who is also the chairman of the PEC,[67] the chairman of the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority, and a member of the Presidential Council for Minority Rights. Below is a list of Singapore’s presidents since the country gained independence. [27] In addition, the president is required to consult the Council of Presidential Advisers (CPA) when performing some of his functions. Background. In other cases, he or she may consult the CPA if he or she wishes to but is not bound to do so. 19(3)(b) read with the Fifth Schedule. Jayakumar tops list of 5,470 honoured on National Day 1 of 2 Former senior minister S. Jayakumar has been awarded the Order of Temasek (With High Distinction), Singapore's … The eighth and current president, Halimah Yacob, took office on 14 September 2017, becoming the first president elected as she was the sole eligible candidate under the new reform terms which took effect earlier that year. 1999, 2005 and 2017 respectively Singapore became a Republic upon its secession from the date which! Been called `` Singapore 's No votes to be elected as president billion from financial! Officer of each polling station seals the ballot boxes without opening them 1999 and 2005 to Glassdoor by president. When polling day will be launching out after their tertiary education into male preserves December 22nd,.... 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