This is evident in their modification of Minoan culture, religion, art, economic system, and bureaucracy around the period of 1420–1375 BC While the Mycenaeans were no strangers to trade, they developed as a result of war and conquest. The Mycenaeans were a dominating culture and soon expanded from the mainland of Greece into the Greek isles, overcoming the Minoans of Crete by 1400 b.c.e. A newly formed elite class of Minoans/Mycenaeans now ruled the island from virtually unscathed Knossos, with an increasing mainland influence detectable in Minoan art and religion. The Mycenaean civilization (c. 1700-1100 BCE) flourished in the Late Bronze Age, reaching its peak from the 15th to the 13th century BCE when it extended its influence not only throughout the Peloponnese in Greece but also across the Aegean, in particular, on Crete and the Cycladic islands. When the olive groves and vineyards produced more than was needed, the Minoans traded the surplus for goods they could not make or grow on Crete. The Comparison and Contrast between Minoan and Mycenaean Cultures . The Greeks trace their culture back to two earlier cultures known as the Minoans and the Mycenaeans. However, unlike other semi-barbaric cultures, the Mycenaean's approach to conquering the Minoans was different. The Mycenaeans and the Minoans both reigned and traded in and around the Aegean Sea. 1. Although they thrived in different parts of Greece, the Aegean Sea was both of their trading roots. A society that once ruled the Late Bronze Age of Greece, they promptly vanished from history and slowly faded into legend. Likewise, how were the Minoans and Mycenaeans similar quizlet? A large palace had been discovered at Krossos on the island of Crete. Although they were different in many respects, which characteristic did the minoans and mycenaeans share? What is geographic difference between the Mycenaeans and Minoans? The best example for the contrast of artistic styles of the Minoans and Mycenaeans is displayed through the two gold cups found at the Mycenaean Vaphio tomb. existed even before the birth of Christ . Start studying The Minoans and Mycenaeans ----Mr. Pease. Ancient genomic data from 19 European and Anatolian individuals, including Mycenaeans from mainland Greece and Minoans from Crete, are reported online in Nature this week. The Bronze Age of ancient Greece, which lasted from about 3000 to 1200 BCE, is the historical backdrop for much of Greek mythology as well as the Homeric epics The Iliad and The Odyssey. Minoans and Mycenaeans Minoans The Minoan civilization rose around 2800 B. C. on the island of Crete. The Minoans were Caucasian: DNA Debunks Longstanding Theory that Europe’s First Advanced Culture was from Africa. In fact, large number of weapons were found in the Minoan royal tombs, which may indicate the Mycenean influence. The Minoans were a mercantilist people involved in trade, but their culture after 1700 BC demonstrated organization without military aristocracy that was shown later. See this page about ancient history of Crete. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Minoans did not speak Greek but had extensive contact with Egypt and the Near East, particularly the Phoenicians who were also maritime people, and they passed this culture to the Mycenaeans. They created a powerful civilization based on a strong navy… The Minoans were known for their free-flowing artistic decoration and showed a preference for marine and plant life. It … The Mycenaeans were more inland and had more farming where as the Minoans lived near the ocean and were traders. The Mycenaean civilization transpired during the late Bronze Age or the late Helladic period around 1600 B.C. The Minoans were based on Crete, located in the center of the Mediterranean Sea, about 160 kilometers (99 miles) south of the Greek mainland. This “Third Palace Period” was a time when Crete enjoyed its greatest overseas influence. How did the Minoans influence the Mycenaeans? When Mycenaeans (to be more correct: Achaeans or Danaeans) arrived in Greece circa 2,000 BCE, the Minoan were already a thriving civilization. And the Mycenaeans themselves were closely related to the earlier Minoans, the study reveals, another great civilization that flourished on the island of Crete from 2600 B.C.E. While the Minoans didn't rely at all on defenses because of their naval power, the Mycenaeans fortified their cities, and spent large amounts of money constructing fortifications. The Minoan and Mycenaean cultures are both early Greek cultures that . The Mycenaeans appear to have been greatly influenced by the Minoans of Crete in their worship of earth goddesses and sky gods, which, in time, become the classical pantheon of ancient Greece. Minoan and Mycenaean Civilizations: The Minoan civilization was based on the island of Crete and flourished between 2000 to 1450 BCE. The Minoans, also known as Cretans, grew wheat, barley, grapes, and olives. While the Minoans focused on building relationships with other cultures in the Mediterranean and Asia Minor, the Mycenaeans fought and battled their way across the area to overtake and build their own cities and outposts. Following this point about sailing, thy both spent some time sailing in the water, with sailing being there strongest a most popular sport at the time. Mycenae was a fortified late Bronze Age city located between two hills on the Argolid plain of the Peloponnese, Greece. On the other hand, the Mycenaeans were more war and military oriented than the Minoans, as seen by their victory over the Minoans and their material culture, which will be looked at later. The minoans gained a great advandage from their proximity to near east and especialy egypt and they were greatly influenced especialy by egypt but that doesn t give a reason to wonder about who they were. Many similarities and differences exist between palace complexes in the Minoan and Mycenaean state; however, this brief essay will argue that differences, as seen in art and architecture, signal that the Mycenaeans – while they did borrow from the Minoans – were a distinctively different culture. The Aegean World: Minoans, Mycenaeans and Trojans: c. 1750–1100 BC In the beginning, there was Troy and the Trojan War, made famous in European history by the two epic poems ascribed to Homer, the Iliad and the Odyssey.According to these poems, the Trojan War began when Helen, wife of Menelaus, king of Sparta, was abducted by Paris, a prince of Troy. Mycenaean was an ancestral Greek language, while no one as yet knows just what Minoans spoke. A Comparison of Minoan and Mycenaean Palaces. Minoans The Minoans lived on the Greek islands and built huge palaces on the island of Crete. Many scholars believe that ancient trading empires were in constant danger from uneconomic trade, that is, food and staples were improperly valued relative to luxuries, because accounting was undeveloped. — Greece: Minoans and Mycenaeans — Greece ... whose Iliad and Odyssey were set in what we call the Bronze Age. The Mycenaeans only adapted it to the needs of the Mycenaean language. ... 1 decade ago. The Mycenaeans seem to have inherited parts of their civilization from the Minoans. and, being a mainland culture, began building compact citadels and fortresses protected by massive walls … The history of the Minoans show that their artwork was very different from the Mycenaeans. The Minoans were named after the legendary King Minos. The Minoans and the Mycenaeans were two of the early civilizations that developed in Greece. (41) The City of Mycenae. The Mycenaeans. Instead of waging wars against their host, "they adapted to Minoan culture and bureaucracy." The Minoans built a large civilization that flourished from 2600 BC to 1400 BC. It has a climate and culture different from that of other Bronze Age Mediterranean communities that arose both before and after. This LH II tholos tomb presented two gold cups; known as the Vaphio cups. The communal status of Minoan tholoi explains the simplicity in the architectural style and the lack of decorations. c. both shared the same system of writing. They were the Mycenaeans. The Minoans and Mycenaeans were the first advanced, literate civilizations to appear in Europe. Minoans built their tholoi above ground, with small doors and round tomb chambers. Take a virtual tour Take a look at the craftsmanship of Minoan Crete and Mycenaean Greece, including pottery, weapons and jewellery, in Room 12. The Minoans and the Mycenaeans were not a unified, singular Greek society. They were autonomous groups of people following a same societal line. they were people who were indigenous and , of course, after the “modern greeks ” came they just mixed with them. Mycenaean tholoi, on the other hand, were much larger and subterranean. d. both built cities fortified with strong defenses Archaeological excavations confirmed that Minoans buried all members of their settlements in these tombs. Mycenaean Greece (or the Mycenaean civilization) was the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece, spanning the period from approximately 1600–1100 BC.It represents the first advanced and distinctively Greek civilization in mainland Greece with its palatial states, urban organization, works of art, and writing system. b. neither had large cities or grand palaces. They were constantly on the defensive, but they also went abroad trading or raiding. The Minoans and Mycenaeans used the same script, the so-called Linear-A script developed by the Minoans. It is extremely crucial to remember that ‘Minoan’ and ‘Mycenaean’ are just labels of convenience. The Mycenaeans also acquired writing (Linear B) from the Minoans (Linear A), but spoke a different language. A person that lives and works on another persons land. The Ancient Minoans and Mycenaeans . a. neither was ruled by a central authority. The Minoans' grain supply is believed to have come from farms on the shore of the Black Sea. The Minoans and the Mycenaeans were two different cultures that existed in Bronze Age Greece.